The Semester Starts (in Pictures)

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Where did the semester go? Every teacher says that and I’m no different. I’m backing teaching Afrofantastic, my course on Afrofuturism and a Readings in Popular Literature course all about Black Comics. I’m also taking on the role as Val Berryman Curator for American History at the MSU Museum. My focus, not surprisingly, will be examining science and culture connected to the Black Imaginary.

Mapping the Black Comic Imaginary: Letters from "The Hitching Post"

I presented a paper entitled “Mapping the Black Comic Imaginary: The Gunhawks, Black Goliath, and Racial Retrenchment in Marvel Comics” at 2019 Comics Studies Society meeting at Ryerson University on July 26th. In this paper, which spins out of my ongoing work cataloging black superheroes, I examined Reno Jones and Kid Cassidy: The Gunhawks! published by Marvel Comics in 1972. In approaching this project, I was drawn to the “conservative” narratives I saw structured in this series. Gunhawks ran from October 1972 to October 1973. The premise offered two protagonists, Reno Jones, an African-American born into slavery and Kid Cassidy the son of his master. In the premise, Jones grows up on a Georgia plantation, “raise like a son” to the master. Educated alongside the master’s own son. Indeed, so strong is his loyalty he stays on the plantation at the outbreak of the Civil War. He even goes so far as to join the Confederacy after his master is killed by Union soldier and his childhood sweetheart is “stolen” by Yankees.

Clearly, the premise of the series is ripe for examination. I got great feedback and now I hope I can find the time to make revisions for publication. As is always my hope, I consider how I can apply some digital methodology to thinking about this comic. I hit upon the idea of mapping the letters from “The Hitching Post” the letter column from the comic. There is much that can be gained from close reading of fan letters in comic studies, but one element of this comic is how the narrative of racial reconciliation being articulate here is playing to the reading public. Here, I map the location of the letters from The Hitching Post. The writers include their address and that allowed me to create this map. I have chosen segment from each reader that indicate sentiment found within.

The letter column was small, usually two to three letters and address where not always included. Of course, it is likely more letters were sent in, but they chose the “best” for publication. As you can see, there is a pattern that emerges when you examine these letters on a map.

Can you see it?

Afrofuturism at the Zora Festival

Academic Conference

Thursday - Friday, January 30 - 31

Theme: What is Afrofuturism?

The transformative success of Zora Neale Hurston’s Barracoon calls our attention to the visionary scholarship and innovative practice at the heart of Zora Neale Hurston’s legacy. Hurston’s ability to see beyond the limitations imposed by white supremacy has long marked her as a leading figure who championed the centrality of black knowledge and action. The power of the black imagination and Hurston’s legacy of documenting it make her a foundational figure and calls our attention to the long legacy of the black imaginary that shapes the Afrofuturism we celebrate today. In the spirit of Hurston’s legacy and the vital conversations she continues to inspire, the Zora Neale Hurston Festival of the Arts and Humanities has embarked on a five-year exploration (Festival 2020-2024) of meaning and praxis around Afrofuturism. From its inception, the term “Afrofuturism” followed a path championed by Hurston and other black scholars and artists that sought to call our attention to the vastness of black potentialities. Defined in 1994 by Mark Dery as “speculative fiction that treats African-American themes and addresses African-American concerns in the context of twentieth-century technoculture,” Afrofuturism as a field of contemporary study has evolved. Recognizing its deeper roots, Professor Alondra Nelson has called our attention to how Afrofuturism is a “canopy for thinking about black diasporic artistic production” and urged us to consider how Afrofuturists allow us to think about the “subject position of black people” in the world.

The Association to Preserve the Eatonville Community, Inc. (P.E.C.), presenter of the annual Zora Neale Hurston Festival of the Arts and Humanities (ZORA! Festival), the Michigan State University Consortium for Critical Diversity in a Digital Age Research (CEDAR), and the University of Central Florida Center for Humanities and Digital Research (CHDR) invites scholars to submit papers and mediated projects for the ZORA! Academic Conference, January 30-31, 2020, on the theme of “What is Afrofuturism?” We welcome papers exploring the dynamic dimensions of Afrofuturism from theoretical and/or historical perspectives and will be especially attentive to work that considers past, present, and emerging scholarly investigations of the black speculative practice. Participants are encouraged to engage the literature and discourse of their respective fields; while, at the same time, they will present their findings in public forums accessible to academics in other disciplines, as well as being intellectually stimulating for a general audience.

Presentations will be limited to 15-20 minutes. Abstracts are due October 14th.

Abstracts can be submitted online via Google Forms. URL:

Information on conference venue and schedule will be available upon completion of submission review and participant notification. Questions about the ZORA! Festival academic conference can be directed to

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Questions about the ZORA! Festival academic conference can be directed to

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